Improving the health status of MCH population groups is a complex process because so many factors influence the health of children, adolescents, and families. Therefore, solving health problems and improving health status requires the active involvement of many disciplines and an array of public- and private-sector jurisdictions. Reaching a goal of promoting health and preventing problems requires a broad-based systems approach, rather than a categorical approach, to the issues.
A policy is a decision designed to address a given problem or interrelated set of problems that affect a large number of people. Advocacy consists of activities carried out on behalf of policies or constituencies; its purpose is to influence outcomes that affect peoples’ lives.